India Successfully Launches Sun Observatory

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Insider Brief:

  • ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C57) successfully launched the Aditya-L1 spacecraft.
  • Aditya-L1 is the first Indian space based observatory to study the Sun from a halo orbit.
  • Aditya-L1 carries seven scientific payloads indigenously developed by ISRO and national research laboratories.

PRESS RELEASE — September 2, 2023 — On September 02, 2023, at 11.50 hrs, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C57) successfully launched the Aditya-L1 spacecraft, from the Second Launch Pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota.

After a flight duration of 63 minutes and 20 seconds, Aditya-L1 spacecraft was successfully injected into an elliptical orbit of 235×19500 km around the Earth.

Aditya-L1 is the first Indian space based observatory to study the Sun from a halo orbit around first Sun-Earth Lagrangian point (L1), which is located roughly 1.5 million km from earth.

Aditya-L1 spacecraft will undergo four earth-bound orbital maneuvers before placing in the transfer orbit towards the Lagrange point L1. Aditya-L1 is expected to arrive the intended orbit at the L1 point after about 127 days.

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Aditya-L1 carries seven scientific payloads indigenously developed by ISRO and national research laboratories including Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bengaluru and Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune.

SOURCE: ISRO

Featured image: Aditya-L1 trajectory to L1. Credit: ISRO

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